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The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, kurz Order of the British Empire, ist ein britischer Ritterorden, der am 4. Juni von König Georg V. gestiftet wurde. The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire, kurz Order of the British Empire, ist ein britischer Ritterorden, der am 4. Juni von König Georg V. gestiftet. Kategorie:Officer des Order of the British Empire. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. In dieser Kategorie sind. Many translated example sentences containing "Order of the British Empire" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Many translated example sentences containing "officer of the order of the British empire" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German.
Order of the British Empire In unserem Themenverzeichnis finden Sie alle wichtigen Informationen zum Thema Order of the British Empire. Die Artikel sind. M.I.A. ist “Member of the Order of the British Empire” | Billie Eilish schreibt Titlesong für neuen Bond | Mona Haydar mit Body-Positivity-Song. Wegen ihrer Verdienste um die Musik ernannte er die Jährige zum Mitglied des Order of the British Empire (MBE). London - Die britische Rap-. M.I.A. ist “Member of the Order of the British Empire” | Billie Eilish schreibt Titlesong für neuen Bond | Mona Haydar mit Body-Positivity-Song. Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power | Ferguson, Niall | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für. Order of the British Empire In unserem Themenverzeichnis finden Sie alle wichtigen Informationen zum Thema Order of the British Empire. Die Artikel sind. nordingrafestivalen.se | Übersetzungen für 'Officer of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire OBE' im Englisch-Deutsch-Wörterbuch, mit echten Sprachaufnahmen. Wegen ihrer Verdienste um die Musik ernannte er die Jährige zum Mitglied des Order of the British Empire (MBE). London - Die britische Rap-.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry , rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the civil service.
Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire were originally made on the nomination of the United Kingdom, the self-governing Dominions of the Empire later Commonwealth and the Viceroy of India.
Nominations continue today from Commonwealth countries that participate in recommending British Imperial honours. Most Commonwealth countries ceased recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire when they created their own honours.
The senior two ranks of Knight or Dame Grand Cross, and Knight or Dame Commander, entitle their members to use the title of Sir for men and Dame for women before their forename.
Most members are citizens of the United Kingdom or the Commonwealth realms that use the Imperial system of honours and awards.
Honorary knighthoods are appointed to citizens of nations where the queen is not head of state , and may permit use of post-nominal letters but not the title of Sir or Dame.
Occasionally, honorary appointees are, incorrectly, referred to as Sir or Dame. Honorary appointees who later become a citizen of a Commonwealth realm can convert their appointment from honorary to substantive, then enjoy all privileges of membership of the order, including use of the title of Sir and Dame for the senior two ranks of the Order.
An example is Irish broadcaster Terry Wogan , who was appointed an honorary Knight Commander of the Order in , and on successful application for British citizenship, held alongside his Irish citizenship, was made a substantive member and subsequently styled as Sir Terry Wogan.
King George V founded the Order to fill gaps in the British honours system :. In particular, King George V wished to create an Order to honour many thousands of those who had served in a variety of non-combatant roles during the First World War.
When first established, the Order had only one division. However, in , soon after its foundation, it was formally divided into Military and Civil Divisions.
At the foundation of the Order, the 'Medal of the Order of the British Empire' was instituted, to serve as a lower award granting recipients affiliation but not membership.
It stopped being awarded by the United Kingdom as part of the reforms to the honours system, but was again awarded beginning in , starting with BEMs awarded for Queen Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee.
In , a report entitled "A Matter of Honour: Reforming Our Honours System" by a Commons committee recommended to phase out the Order of the British Empire, as its title was "now considered to be unacceptable, being thought to embody values that are no longer shared by many of the country's population".
The British monarch is Sovereign of the Order, and appoints all other members of the Order by convention, on the advice of the governments of the United Kingdom and some Commonwealth realms.
There are no limits applied to the total number of members of the fourth and fifth classes, but no more than Officers and 1, Members may be appointed per year.
Foreign appointees, as honorary members, do not contribute to the numbers restricted to the Order as full members do. Although the Order of the British Empire has by far the highest number of members of the British Orders of Chivalry, with over , living members worldwide, there are fewer appointments to knighthoods than in other orders.
Because of this, an appointment as Dame Commander is made in circumstances in which a man would be created a Knight Bachelor.
For example, by convention, female judges of the High Court of Justice are created Dames Commander after appointment, while male judges become Knights Bachelor.
From time to time, individuals are appointed to a higher grade within the Order, thereby ceasing usage of the junior post-nominal letters.
The Order has six offices:  The King of Arms is not a member of the College of Arms , as are many other heraldic officers.
Although initially intended to recognise meritorious service, the Order began to also be awarded for gallantry. There were an increased number of cases in the Second World War for service personnel and civilians including the merchant navy, police, emergency services and civil defence, mostly MBEs but with a small number of OBEs and CBEs.
Such awards were for gallantry that did not reach the standard of the George Medal , but, as an Order, were listed before it on the Order of Wear.
Awards for meritorious service usually appear without a citation but there were often citations for gallantry awards, some detailed and graphic.
Any individual made a member of the Order for gallantry after 14 January wears an emblem of two crossed silver oak leaves on the same ribbon as the badge, with a miniature version on the ribbon bar when worn alone.
When the ribbon only is worn the emblem is worn in miniature. If recipients of the Order of the British Empire for Gallantry received promotion within the Order, whether for gallantry or otherwise, they continued to wear also the insignia of the lower grade with the oak leaves.
Members of the Order wear elaborate vestments on important occasions such as quadrennial services and coronations , which vary by rank the designs underwent major changes in :.
On certain " collar days " designated by the Sovereign, members attending formal events may wear the Order's collar over their military uniform, formal day dress, or evening wear.
When collars are worn either on collar days or on formal occasions such as coronations , the badge is suspended from the collar.
Collars are returned upon the death of their owners, but other insignia may be retained. The chapel of the Order is in the far eastern end of the crypt of St Paul's Cathedral , but it holds its great services upstairs in the main body of the Cathedral.
Religious services for the whole Order are held every four years; new Knights and Dames Grand Cross are installed at these services.
The chapel was dedicated in Such forms are not used by peers and princes, except when the names of the former are written out in their fullest forms.
Male clergy of the Church of England or the Church of Scotland do not use the title Sir as they do not receive the accolade they are not dubbed "knight" with a sword , although they do append the post-nominal letters : dames do not receive the accolade, and therefore female clergy are free to use the title Dame.
Members of all classes of the Order are assigned positions in the order of precedence. Wives of male members of all classes also feature on the order of precedence, as do sons, daughters and daughters-in-law of Knights Grand Cross and Knights Commander; relatives of Ladies of the Order, however, are not assigned any special precedence.
As a general rule, individuals can derive precedence from their fathers or husbands, but not from their mothers or wives.
Knights and Dames Grand Cross are also entitled to be granted heraldic supporters. They may, furthermore, encircle their arms with a depiction of the circlet a circle bearing the motto and the collar; the former is shown either outside or on top of the latter.
Knights and Dames Commander and Commanders may display the circlet, but not the collar, surrounding their arms.
The badge is depicted suspended from the collar or circlet. Recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire continue to be made by most smaller Commonwealth realms.
However, since the Second World War, several Commonwealth realms have established their own national system of honours and awards and have created their own unique orders, decorations and medals.
Canada seldom made recommendations for appointments to the Order of the British Empire except for the Second World War and Korea but continued to recommend gallantry awards for both military and civilians until the creation of the Order of Canada in Although Commonwealth of Australia recommendations ended with the creation of the Order of Australia in , State governments continued to recommend the Order of the British Empire until the Queen's Birthday Honours, nearly 15 years later.
He also said that "It reminds me of how my foremothers were raped and my forefathers brutalised". In , a House of Commons Select Committee recommended changing the name of the award to the Order of British Excellence , and changing the rank of Commander to Companion ; as the former was said to have a "militaristic ring".
A notable person to decline the offer of membership was the author C. Lewis — , who had been named on the last list of honours by George VI in December Despite being a monarchist , he declined so as to avoid association with any political issues.
The Beatles were appointed Members in John Lennon justified the comparative merits of his investiture by comparing military membership in the Order: "Lots of people who complained about us receiving the MBE [status] received theirs for heroism in the war — for killing people We received ours for entertaining other people.
I'd say we deserve ours more". Lennon later returned his MBE insignia on 25 November , as part of his ongoing peace protests.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. British order of chivalry. See also: Order of precedence in England and Wales. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it.
Main article: Orders and decorations of the Commonwealth realms. See also: List of people who have declined a British honour. The Australian Honours System unilaterally created in did not achieve bi-partisan support until when Australian federal and state governments agreed to cease Australian recommendations for British honours.
New Zealand ceased to use the order when it introduced its own honours system. BBC News. Retrieved 25 May The Official Website of the British Monarchy.
The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 27 March Retrieved 24 August The London Gazette 2nd supplement. The London Gazette 1st supplement.
Retrieved 7 February The London Gazette. Retrieved 20 June Various orders of knighthood have been created see below as well as awards for military service, bravery, merit, and achievement which take the form of decorations or medals.
Most medals are not graded. Each one recognises specific service and as such there are normally set criteria which must be met. These criteria may include a period of time and will often delimit a particular geographic region.
Medals are not normally presented by the Sovereign. A full list is printed in the 'order of wear', published infrequently by the London Gazette.
Honours are split into classes 'orders' and are graded to distinguish different degrees of achievement or service, according to various criteria.
A list of approximately 1, names is published twice a year, at the New Year and on the date of the Sovereign's official birthday.
Since their decisions are inevitably subjective, the twice-yearly honours lists often provoke criticism from those who feel strongly about particular cases.
Depending on their roles, those people selected by the honours committee are submitted either to the Prime Minister , Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs , or Secretary of State for Defence for their approval before being sent to the Sovereign for final approval.
Certain honours are conferred solely at the Sovereign's discretion, such as appointments to the Order of the Garter ,  the Order of the Thistle , the Royal Victorian Order ,  and the Order of Merit.
By convention, a departing prime minister is allowed to nominate Prime Minister's Resignation Honours , to reward political and personal service.
In recent history, only Tony Blair and Gordon Brown have not taken up this privilege although Brown did issue the Dissolution Honours to similar effect.
The current system is made up of six orders of chivalry and four orders of merit. The statutes of each order specify matters such as the size of the order, the use of post-nominal letters and insignia design and display.
Orders were created for particular reasons at particular times. In some cases these reasons have ceased to have any validity and orders have fallen into abeyance, primarily due to the decline of the British Empire during the twentieth century.
Reforms of the system have sometimes made other changes. For example, the British Empire Medal temporarily ceased to be awarded in the UK in , as was the companion level award of the Imperial Service Order although its medal is still used.
The British Empire Medal was revived, however, in with BEMs awarded for the Birthday Honours , and has continued to be awarded in some other Commonwealth nations.
After the Irish Free State 's secession in , only members of the royal family were appointed to the order, the last in Although dormant, the order technically still exists, and may be used as an award at any time.
Queen Elizabeth II is the current sovereign of this order. The senior order, the Order of the Star of India, was divided into three grades, Knight Grand Commander, Knight Commander and Companion, of which the first and highest was conferred upon the Princes and Chiefs of Indian states and upon important British civil servants working in India.
Women were not eligible to receive the award. The junior order, the Order of the Indian Empire, was divided into the same ranks and also excluded women.
The third order, the Order of the Crown of India, was used exclusively to honour women. Upon Indian independence in , appointments to all these orders ceased.
The Queen remains also the Sovereign of the Indian orders as they have never been abolished. This order had one class which entitled the member to the postnominal letters OB but no title.
It was originally intended to reward long and faithful service by military and police. In the Royal Warrant was altered to allow for membership for acts of gallantry as well as meritorious service.
The Order was one of the rarest awarded with only 33 appointments by the time appointments were discontinued in when Burma declared independence.
In the United Kingdom it was used only briefly, until the death of William IV in that resulted in the ending of the personal union with the Kingdom of Hanover due to succession to the throne of Hanover following the Salic Law, unlike in the United Kingdom where women could inherit the throne.
The order continued for some time as a national order of Hanover until the defeat and forced dissolution of the kingdom by Prussia in Since then the order has been a house order to be awarded by the House of Hanover.
The Order includes two Divisions, Civil and Military. During the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover it originally had three classes, but with several reorganizations since as house order today it has four classes and an additional Cross of Merit.
Current awarded decorations in order of wear: . The cross itself is given to the family of the deceased.
There are five ranks of hereditary peerage : duke , marquess , earl , viscount , and baron.
Until the mid 20th century, peerages were usually hereditary, and, until the end of the 20th century, English, Scottish, British, and UK peerages except, until very recent times, those for the time being held by women carried the right to a seat in the House of Lords.
Hereditary peerages are now normally given only to members of the Royal Family. The most recent were the grants to the Queen's youngest son, the Earl of Wessex , on his marriage in ; to the Queen's grandson Prince William , who was made the Duke of Cambridge on the morning before his marriage to Catherine Middleton on 29 April ; and to the Queen's grandson Prince Harry , who was made the Duke of Sussex on the morning before his marriage to Meghan Markle on 19 May No hereditary peerages were granted to commoners after the Labour Party came to power in , until Margaret Thatcher tentatively reintroduced them by two grants to men with no sons in Speaker of the House of Commons George Thomas and former Deputy Prime Minister William Whitelaw.
Both these titles died with their holders. She followed this with an Earldom in for former Prime Minister Harold Macmillan not long before his death, reviving a traditional honour for former Prime Ministers.
Macmillan's grandson succeeded him on his death in No hereditary peerages have been created since, and Thatcher's own title was a life peerage see further explanation below.
The concession of a baronetcy i. Hereditary peerages are not "honours under the crown" and so cannot normally be withdrawn.
A peerage can be revoked only by a specific Act of Parliament, and then for only the current holder, in the case of hereditary peerages.
A hereditary peer can disclaim his peerage for his own lifetime under Peerage Act within a year after inheriting the title.
Modern life peerages were introduced under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act , following a test case the Wensleydale Peerage Case which established that non-statutory life peers would not have the right to sit in the House of Lords.
At that time, life peerages were intended only for Law Lords , there being a desire to introduce legal expertise into the chamber to assist appellate law work, without conferring rights on future generations of these early working peers because the future generations might contain no legal experts.
Subsequently, under the Life Peerages Act , life peerages became the norm for all new grants outside the Royal Family, this being seen as a modest reform of the nature of the second legislative chamber.
However, its effects were gradual because hereditary peers, and their successors, retained until recently their rights to attend and vote with the life peers.
All hereditary peers except 92—chosen in a secret ballot of all hereditary peers—have now lost their rights to sit in the second chamber.
All hereditary peers retain dining rights to the House of Lords, retaining its title as "the best club in London".
All Life Peers hold the rank of baron and automatically have the right to sit in the House of Lords. The title exists only for the duration of their own lifetime and is not passed to their heirs although the children even of life peers enjoy the same courtesy titles as hereditary peers.
Some life peerages are created as an honour for achievement, some for the specific purpose of introducing legislators from the various political parties known as working peers and some under the Appellate Jurisdiction Act , with a view to judicial work.
There is a discrete number appointed as "People's Peers", on recommendation of the general public. Twenty-six Church of England bishops have a seat in the House of Lords.
As a life peerage is not technically an "honour under the Crown", it cannot normally be withdrawn once granted.
Thus, while knighthoods have been withdrawn as "honours under the Crown", convicted criminals who have served their sentences have returned to the House of Lords.
In the case of Lord Archer of Weston-super-Mare , he has chosen only to exercise dining rights and has yet to speak following his release from his conviction for perjury.
A baronetcy is the lowest title of honour in the United Kingdom. It carries the title sir. A Baronetcy is, in the order of precedence, below a Barony but above most knighthoods.
When a baronetcy becomes vacant on the death of a holder, the heir, if he wishes to be addressed as "Sir", is required to register the proofs of succession.
Anyone who considers that he is entitled to be entered on the roll may petition the Crown through the Lord Chancellor. Anyone succeeding to a baronetcy therefore must exhibit proofs of succession to the Lord Chancellor.
The baronetcy can be revived at any time on provision of acceptable proofs of succession. As with hereditary peerages, baronetcies generally ceased to be granted after the Labour Party came to power in The sole subsequent exception was a baronetcy created in for the husband of Margaret Thatcher , Sir Denis Thatcher , later inherited by their son Mark Thatcher.
Descended from medieval chivalry , knights exist both within the orders of chivalry and in a class known as Knights Bachelor.
Regular recipients include High Court judges and Chief Constables. Knighthood carries the title sir ; the female equivalent dame exists only within the orders of chivalry—Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire DBE is usually awarded as an equivalent of a Knight Bachelor.
Members of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem founded may wear the Order's insignia but the ranks within the Order of St John do not confer official rank in the order of precedence and, likewise, the abbreviations or postnominal initials associated with the various grades of membership in the Order of St John do not indicate precedence among the other orders.
Thus someone knighted in the order does not take precedence with the knights of other British orders nor should they be addressed as "Sir" or "Dame".
Other British and Commonwealth orders, decorations and medals which do not carry titles but entitle the holder to place post-nominal letters after his or her name also exist, as do a small number of Royal Family Orders.
Until the midth century, the British honours system was the primary — and generally the sole — honours system utilised across the various dominions and territories of the British Empire , which became the Commonwealth of Nations from Today, British honours and decorations continue to be awarded to citizens of Commonwealth realms and British Overseas Territories.
Within the Commonwealth realms, however, the nature of the British honour or decoration awarded and the permissibility of its conferment varies from government to government.
The British honours system comprises both dynastic honours , which are honours in the personal gift of the Sovereign, and British state honours or decorations known as imperial honours or decorations outside the UK , which are not.
Dynastic honours continue to be conferred by the Sovereign in her capacity across the Commonwealth realms, though outside the United Kingdom they are typically non-titular honours such as the Order of Merit or the lower grades of the Royal Victorian Order.
In and , the government of Canada passed the Nickle Resolutions , which, despite being non-binding, gradually ended the conferment of titular honours — peerages, baronetcies and knighthoods — to Canadians.
Occasional conferments of knighthoods in and and imperial honours, notably following the Second World War, continued until , when the Canadian government officially ended all awards of imperial honours to Canadians.
Canadian service personnel remained eligible to receive the imperial Victoria Cross until , when a Canadian version was instituted. In , the Australian government established its own honours system with the creation of the Order of Australia , also creating its own system of bravery decorations in that year.
Indigenous police and fire service decorations followed from , with a new system of military decorations created in Imperial honours continued to be conferred on Australians through , when the last recommendations were made.
With effect from 5 October , the Australian government discontinued the awarding of imperial honours. In , it replaced imperial honours with the New Zealand Order of Merit , and replaced imperial gallantry and bravery decorations with New Zealand decorations in Other Commonwealth realms have continued to apply the imperial honours system together with their own honours systems.
The government of the Bahamas continues to solely utilise imperial honours. In , it passed a National Honours Act which established a Bahamian honours system; however, it had not come into effect as of In practice, legislation across the Commonwealth realms regulating the awarding of imperial honours to citizens of a realm, including knighthoods and damehoods, does not necessarily prevent a citizen of a Commonwealth realm from receiving a substantive award of an imperial honour for service in the United Kingdom or to its government.
There continue to be numerous examples of Canadians, New Zealanders and Australians who have been honoured by the British government and are permitted to use the honour or its accompanying style whether they are resident in their own nation or in the United Kingdom.
Citizens of countries that do not have the Queen as their head of state sometimes have honours conferred upon them, in which case the awards are "honorary".
In the case of knighthoods, the holders are entitled to place initials after their name but not style themselves "Sir" as they are not entitled to receive the accolade.
Honorary knighthoods are of Orders of Chivalry rather than as Knights Bachelor as the latter confers no postnominal letters.
Recipients of honorary awards who later become subjects of Her Majesty may apply to convert their awards to substantive ones.
They were granted an honorary damehood and knighthood respectively while still American citizens, and converted them to substantive awards after they assumed British nationality, becoming Dame Marjorie and Sir Yehudi.
Menuhin later accepted a life peerage with the title Lord Menuhin. Sir Tony O'Reilly , who holds both British and Irish nationality ,  uses the style "Sir", but has also gained approval from the Irish Government to accept the award as is necessary under the Irish Constitution.
Irish-born Sir Terry Wogan was initially awarded an honorary knighthood, but by the time he collected the accolade from the Queen in December , he had obtained dual nationality  and the award was upgraded to a substantive knighthood.
Bob Geldof is often erroneously referred to as "Sir Bob"; he is not entitled to this style as an honorary knight as he is a citizen of the Republic of Ireland i.
There is no law in the UK preventing foreigners from holding a peerage e. This has yet to be tested under the new arrangements.
However, some other countries have laws restricting the acceptances of awards granted to would-be recipients by foreign powers.
Each year, around 2, people receive their awards personally from The Queen or a member of the Royal Family.
The majority of investitures take place at Buckingham Palace , but some also take place at the Palace of Holyroodhouse in Edinburgh and at Windsor Castle.
There are approximately recipients at each Investiture. The Queen usually conducts the investitures, although the Prince of Wales , The Princess Royal or, more recently, the Duke of Cambridge also hold some investitures on behalf of the Queen.
During the ceremony, the Queen enters the ballroom of Buckingham Palace attended by two Gurkha orderly officers, a tradition begun in by Queen Victoria.
On duty on the dais are five members of the Queen's Body Guard of the Yeomen of the Guard , which was created in by Henry VII ; they are the oldest, but not most senior, military corps in the United Kingdom.
Four gentlemen ushers are on duty to help look after the recipients and their guests. After the National Anthem has been played, he stands to the right of the Queen and announces the name of each recipient and the achievement for which they are being decorated.
The Queen is provided with a brief background for each recipient by her equerry as they approach to receive their decorations.
Those who are to be knighted kneel on an investiture stool to receive the accolade , which is bestowed by the Queen using the sword used by her father, George VI as Duke of York and Colonel of the Scots Guards.
Occasionally an award for gallantry may be made posthumously and in this case the Queen presents the decoration or medal to the recipient's next-of-kin in private before the public investiture begins.
After the investiture ceremony, those honoured are ushered out of the ballroom into the Inner Quadrangle of Buckingham Palace, where the royal rota of photographers are stationed.
Here recipients are photographed with their awards. In some cases, members of the press may interview some of the more well-known people who have been honoured.
A small number of people each year refuse the offer of an award for personal or political reasons. Honours are sometimes revoked forfeited , for example if a recipient is subsequently convicted of a serious criminal offence.
The Honours Forfeiture Committee is an ad hoc committee convened under the chairmanship of the Head of the Home Civil Service ,  to consider cases where information has been received which indicates an individual is unsuitable to hold an award.
Sometimes the original decision to grant an honour was made on the basis of inaccurate information including through manipulation of the public nominations system , but normally cases relate to actions that took place after the award was made.
Recommendations are made to The Monarch of the United Kingdom , who has the sole authority to rescind an honour.
In , Gordon Brown confirmed  that the process remains as set out in by the then Prime Minister John Major in a written answer to the House of Commons:.
The statutes of most orders of knighthood and the royal warrants of decorations and medals include provision for the Queen to "cancel and annul" appointments and awards.
Cancellation is considered in cases where retention of the appointment or award would bring the honours system into disrepute.
There are no set guidelines for cancellations, which are considered on a case-by-case basis.
It was the first time MPs voted to recommend rescinding a knighthood. Honours, decorations and medals are arranged in the "Order of Wear", an official list which describes the order in which they should be worn.
The current Order of Wear was published on 11 January The list places the Victoria Cross and George Cross at the top, followed by the orders of knighthood arranged in order of date of creation.
Below the Knights of the Garter and Thistle, individuals of a higher rank precede those of a lower rank.
For those of equal rank, members of the higher-ranked Order take precedence. Within the same Order, precedence is accorded to that individual who received the honour earlier.
Not all orders have the same number of ranks. The Order of Merit, the Order of the Companions of Honour, the Distinguished Service Order and the Imperial Service Order are slightly different, being single-rank honours, and have been placed at appropriate positions of seniority.
The precedence of Knight Bachelor is below the knights of the different orders and above those with the rank of Commander or lower.
Decorations are followed by medals of various categories, being arranged in date order within each section. These are followed by Commonwealth and honorary foreign awards of any level.
Miscellaneous details are explained in notes at the bottom of the list. The order of wear is not connected to and should not be confused with the order of precedence.
For peers, see Forms of address in the United Kingdom. Their wives are styled Lady Smith. A baronetess is styled Dame Jane Smith, Btss.
For knights, the style Sir John Smith, [ postnominals ] is used, attaching the proper postnominal letters depending on rank and order for knights bachelor, no postnominal letters are used.
Their wives are styled Lady Smith , with no postnominal letters. A dame is styled Dame Jane Smith, [postnominals].
More familiar references or oral addresses use the first name only, e. Sir John , or Dame Joan. Wives of knights and baronets are styled Lady Smith , although customarily no courtesy title is automatically reciprocated to male consorts.
Recipients of orders, decorations and medals receive no styling of Sir or Dame , but they may attach the according postnominal letters to their name, e.
Recipients of gallantry awards may be referred to in Parliament as "gallant", in addition to "honourable", "noble", etc.
Sir or Dame. They may, however, attach the relevant postnominal initials. The rank now awarded is referred to as Member of the Order of St John for both men and women.
For honours bestowed upon those in the entertainment industry e.
Order Of The British Empire VideoDo People Who Get Knighted by the Queen Get Anything for It?
Self Call of the White. Self Line of Fire. He is the lecturer for the Ministry of Defence and lives in Oxfordshire, England.
Actress The Main Attraction. She is married to Dudley Russell. They have two children. Soundtrack The Boondock Saints.
Ian Anderson, born in Fife, Scotland, is one of the most famous flautists of the last 40 years. A singer and composer, Anderson is also a multi instrumentalist, including acoustic and electric guitars, saxophone, percussion, keyboards, bagpipe, violin, balalaika, clarinet and a large variety of Self Pointless Celebrities.
She has been married to Nick Dempsey since October Vera Atkins was born on June 15, in Galati, Romania. Actress A Lesson. She has been married to Colin Brown since They have one child.
She was previously married to Shiraz Ashton was born in Blackpool, Lancashire. From he was educated at Rossall Actress Tales of the Unexpected.
Wendy Austin was born as Wendy Elizabeth Austin. She is an actress, known for Tales of the Unexpected and Breakfast She is married to Hewitt.
He was married to Winifred Laithwaite and Win Ammonds. Writer Night Gallery. She was a writer, known for Night Gallery , Mort un dimanche de pluie and Television Theater She died on January 4, in He is married to Louise Alleyne.
Joan Armatrading was born on December 9, in Basseterre, St. Actor Last of the Summer Wine. Writer The Catch. Kate Atkinson was born in in Yorkshire, England.
Actor Krig och kärlek. Dotun Adebayo was born on August 25, in Lagos, Nigeria. He is an actor, known for Krig och kärlek and Artsnight Lea Anderson was born as Lea Elizabeth Anderson.
Self Dansaren. Self London Olympics. He has been married to Georgie Thompson since December 20, Self The Adventure Game. Actor John Barnes: Poetry in Motion.
Writer Invasion: UFO. He died on December 26, Pippa Ailion was born as Philipa Ann Ailion. Producer Make My Day. Director Belle.
She is a former child actress, who began her writing career at the age of 23 with a script deals from both Channel 4 in the UK and BBC.
Her first movie, A Way of Life, which she Self Commonwealth Games. Rachel Anderson was born as Rachel Paula Anderson.
Soundtrack Wrongfully Accused. Aly Bain was born in in Lerwick, Scotland. Producer Blue Peter. She was previously married to John Hosier. Self Close-Up.
She was married to James Mitchell. Actress Edge of Tomorrow. Writer The Adventures of Dawdle the Donkey. Self This Is Your Life. He was married to Kathleen Graham and Sadie Laurie.
He died on February 26, in Carnforth, Lancashire, England. Actress Remington. Writer Screen Two. Jean Breeze was born as Jean Binta Breeze.
She has been married to Mark Tomlinson since March 2, Self Enough Rope with Andrew Denton. Actress North and South. John Jorrocks Actress Mike Bassett: England Manager.
Began her career as a professional tennis player when she moved to the USA in However, following recurring injuries and loss of form, she retired in , and after a short hiatus began her broadcasting career in Self Wild Animal ER.
Soundtrack Man of the Moment. The Beverley Sisters were originally knows as The Chinnery Sisters, singing in their spare time, between secretarial work.
Director Kickoff. Actress EastEnders. She has enjoyed a long career in the theatre, television and the cinema. The actor Nigel Hawthorne described her as "one of the most beautiful creatures I've seen on stage" after seeing her performance as Self Granada Reports.
Self The Bachelorette. Self Skin. Self Chan Canasta. She was married to Billy Wright and Roger Carocari.
She died on August 31, in London. Actor Streets. Kyran Bracken was born on November 22, in Dublin, Ireland.
She is a costume designer, known for Fashiontrance and British Style Genius Actress Shameless. She has been married to Chris McMahon since April 29, Actress Chi trova un amico trova un tesoro.
Her contribution to Jamaican cultural life was such that she was honored with the M. The Navigation Act of and subsequent acts set up a closed economy between Britain and its colonies; all colonial exports had to be shipped on English ships to the British market, and all colonial imports had to come by way of England.
British military and naval power, under the leadership of such men as Robert Clive , James Wolfe , and Eyre Coote , gained for Britain two of the most important parts of its empire—Canada and India.
Malacca joined the empire in , and Sir Stamford Raffles acquired Singapore in British Empire. Article Media. Info Print Print.
Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
Alternative Title: British Empire and Commonwealth. Britannica Quiz. Exploring Latin American History. What country was not part of the historic country of Gran Colombia?
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