Caligula Movie Darsteller und Crew
Caligula ist ein Film des italienischen Regisseurs Tinto Brass aus dem Jahr über den römischen Imperator Caligula. Der Film basiert auf einem Buch von Gore Vidal und wurde vom Erotik-Magazin Penthouse finanziert. Die Produzenten waren Franco. Caligula (dt. Untertitel: Aufstieg und Fall eines Tyrannen) ist ein Film des italienischen Regisseurs Tinto Brass aus dem Jahr über den römischen Imperator. Caligula UNCUT I Offizieller Trailer HD Deutsch. Tiberius Film. Wildes Treiben im Rom des Jahres 37 n. Chr. Der von Krankheit gezeichnete Kaiser Tiberius sucht einen Nachfolger, deshalb holt er Gaius, auch Caligula. Komplette Handlung und Informationen zu Caligula. Rom im Jahre 37 nordingrafestivalen.se: Kaiser Tiberius (Peter O'Toole), ein jährger tyrannischer Alkoholiker, der schwer.
Caligula UNCUT I Offizieller Trailer HD Deutsch. Tiberius Film. Komplette Handlung und Informationen zu Caligula. Rom im Jahre 37 nordingrafestivalen.se: Kaiser Tiberius (Peter O'Toole), ein jährger tyrannischer Alkoholiker, der schwer. Der kontroverseste Film aller Zeiten, wie man ihn vorher noch nie sehen konnte. Diese bahnbrechende Filmproduktion, ein berauschendes Spektakel mit.
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In 40, Caligula expanded the Roman Empire into Mauretania and made a significant attempt at expanding into Britannia — even challenging Neptune in his campaign.
The conquest of Britannia was later achieved during the reign of his successor, Claudius. Mauretania was a client kingdom of Rome ruled by Ptolemy of Mauretania.
Caligula invited Ptolemy to Rome and then suddenly had him executed. Details on the Mauretanian events of 39—44 are unclear. Cassius Dio wrote an entire chapter on the annexation of Mauretania by Caligula, but it is now lost.
There seems to have been a northern campaign to Britannia that was aborted. Modern historians have put forward numerous theories in an attempt to explain these actions.
This trip to the English Channel could have merely been a training and scouting mission. When several client kings came to Rome to pay their respects to him and argued about their nobility of descent, he allegedly cried out the Homeric line:  "Let there be one lord, one king.
Caligula began appearing in public dressed as various gods and demigods such as Hercules , Mercury , Venus and Apollo. A sacred precinct was set apart for his worship at Miletus in the province of Asia and two temples were erected for worship of him in Rome.
Caligula had the heads removed from various statues of gods located across Rome and replaced them with his own. Indeed, he was represented as a sun god on Egyptian coins.
Caligula's religious policy was a departure from that of his predecessors. According to Cassius Dio , living emperors could be worshipped as divine in the east and dead emperors could be worshipped as divine in Rome.
Caligula needed to quell several riots and conspiracies in the eastern territories during his reign. Aiding him in his actions was his good friend, Herod Agrippa , who became governor of the territories of Batanaea and Trachonitis after Caligula became emperor in The cause of tensions in the east was complicated, involving the spread of Greek culture , Roman Law and the rights of Jews in the empire.
Caligula did not trust the prefect of Egypt, Aulus Avilius Flaccus. Flaccus had been loyal to Tiberius, had conspired against Caligula's mother and had connections with Egyptian separatists.
In 39, Agrippa accused Herod Antipas , the tetrarch of Galilee and Perea , of planning a rebellion against Roman rule with the help of Parthia.
Herod Antipas confessed and Caligula exiled him. Agrippa was rewarded with his territories. Riots again erupted in Alexandria in 40 between Jews and Greeks.
The Governor of Syria, Publius Petronius , fearing civil war if the order were carried out, delayed implementing it for nearly a year.
In Rome, another statue of himself, of colossal size, was made of gilt brass for the purpose. Philo of Alexandria and Seneca the Younger , contemporaries of Caligula, describe him as an insane emperor who was self-absorbed, short-tempered, killed on a whim, and indulged in too much spending and sex.
While repeating the earlier stories, the later sources of Suetonius and Cassius Dio provide additional tales of insanity.
They accuse Caligula of incest with his sisters, Agrippina the Younger , Drusilla , and Livilla , and say he prostituted them to other men.
The validity of these accounts is debatable. In Roman political culture, insanity and sexual perversity were often presented hand-in-hand with poor government.
Caligula's actions as emperor were described as being especially harsh to the Senate, to the nobility and to the equestrian order. The situation had escalated when, in 40, Caligula announced to the Senate that he planned to leave Rome permanently and to move to Alexandria in Egypt, where he hoped to be worshiped as a living god.
The prospect of Rome losing its emperor and thus its political power was the final straw for many.
Such a move would have left both the Senate and the Praetorian Guard powerless to stop Caligula's repression and debauchery.
With this in mind Chaerea convinced his fellow conspirators, who included Marcus Vinicius and Lucius Annius Vinicianus , to put their plot into action quickly.
According to Josephus, Chaerea had political motivations for the assassination. On 22 January 41 Suetonius gives the date as 24 January , Cassius Chaerea and other guardsmen accosted Caligula as he addressed an acting troupe of young men beneath the palace, during a series of games and dramatics being held for the Divine Augustus.
The Germanic guard, stricken with grief and rage, responded with a rampaging attack on the assassins, conspirators, innocent senators and bystanders alike.
The cryptoporticus underground corridor beneath the imperial palaces on the Palatine Hill where this event took place was discovered by archaeologists in The senate attempted to use Caligula's death as an opportunity to restore the Republic.
After a soldier, Gratus , found Claudius hiding behind a palace curtain, he was spirited out of the city by a sympathetic faction of the Praetorian Guard  to their nearby camp.
Claudius became emperor after procuring the support of the Praetorian Guard. He ordered the execution of Chaerea and of any other known conspirators involved in the death of Caligula.
He was buried within the Mausoleum of Augustus ; in , during the Sack of Rome , the ashes in the tomb were scattered. The facts and circumstances of Caligula's reign are mostly lost to history.
Only two sources contemporary with Caligula have survived — the works of Philo and Seneca. Philo's works, On the Embassy to Gaius and Flaccus , give some details on Caligula's early reign, but mostly focus on events surrounding the Jewish population in Judea and Egypt with whom he sympathizes.
Seneca's various works give mostly scattered anecdotes on Caligula's personality. Seneca was almost put to death by Caligula in AD 39 likely due to his associations with conspirators.
At one time, there were detailed contemporaneous histories on Caligula, but they are now lost. Additionally, the historians who wrote them are described as biased, either overly critical or praising of Caligula.
A few of the contemporaneous historians are known by name. Fabius Rusticus and Cluvius Rufus both wrote condemning histories on Caligula that are now lost.
Fabius Rusticus was a friend of Seneca who was known for historical embellishment and misrepresentation. Caligula's sister, Agrippina the Younger , wrote an autobiography that certainly included a detailed explanation of Caligula's reign, but it too is lost.
Agrippina was banished by Caligula for her connection to Marcus Lepidus , who conspired against him.
Gaetulicus , a poet, produced a number of flattering writings about Caligula, but they are lost. The bulk of what is known of Caligula comes from Suetonius and Cassius Dio.
Suetonius wrote his history on Caligula 80 years after his death, while Cassius Dio wrote his history over years after Caligula's death.
Cassius Dio's work is invaluable because it alone gives a loose chronology of Caligula's reign. A handful of other sources add a limited perspective on Caligula.
Josephus gives a detailed description of Caligula's assassination. Tacitus provides some information on Caligula's life under Tiberius.
In a now lost portion of his Annals , Tacitus gave a detailed history of Caligula. Pliny the Elder 's Natural History has a few brief references to Caligula.
There are few surviving sources on Caligula and none of them paints Caligula in a favourable light.
The paucity of sources has resulted in significant gaps in modern knowledge of the reign of Caligula. Little is written on the first two years of Caligula's reign.
Additionally, there are only limited details on later significant events, such as the annexation of Mauretania , Caligula's military actions in Britannia , and his feud with the Roman Senate.
According to legend, during his miltary actions in Britannia Caligula grew addicted to a steady diet of European sea eels, which led to their Latin name being Coluber caligulensis.
All surviving sources, except Pliny the Elder , characterize Caligula as insane. However, it is not known whether they are speaking figuratively or literally.
Additionally, given Caligula's unpopularity among the surviving sources, it is difficult to separate fact from fiction.
Recent sources are divided in attempting to ascribe a medical reason for his behavior, citing as possibilities encephalitis , epilepsy or meningitis.
Philo of Alexandria , Josephus and Seneca state that Caligula was insane, but describe this madness as a personality trait that came through experience.
Suetonius said that Caligula suffered from "falling sickness", or epilepsy , when he was young. Suetonius described Caligula as sickly-looking, skinny and pale: "he was tall, very pale, ill-shaped, his neck and legs very slender, his eyes and temples hollow, his brows broad and knit, his hair thin, and the crown of the head bald.
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Dieser ergreift seine Chance, bringt Tiberius um und nimmt den Siegelring des Caesar und damit die Herrschaft an sich. Als Imperator erklärt er seine Schwester Drusilla zu seiner Geliebten.
Im Verlauf der Handlung wird seine Abhängigkeit von ihr immer deutlicher. Dabei werden mehr und mehr die geltenden Regeln ignoriert.
Die Ehefrauen unliebsam gewordener Senatoren zwingt er zur Prostitution, die Senatoren lässt er verbannen oder ermorden.
Höhepunkt der Grausamkeiten ist der Auftritt einer riesigen Sensenmaschine, mit der im Boden des Circus Maximus eingegrabene Verräter geköpft werden.
Als er sich zum Gott ernennt, formiert sich der Widerstand gegen den Tyrannen und er wird von seiner Leibgarde , den Prätorianern , ermordet.
Sein als debil geltender Onkel Claudius wird auf den Thron gesetzt. Oft wurde dem Film vorgeworfen, ein pornografisches und spekulatives Machwerk zu sein.
Dieser Meinung schloss sich auch die Bundesprüfstelle für jugendgefährdende Medien an, die den Film indizierte. Die Schnitte waren notwendig geworden, weil die Juristenkommission der SPIO in der ungeschnittenen Veröffentlichung sie entspricht weitgehend der ungeprüften Constantin-Fassung eine strafrechtliche Relevanz festgestellt hatte.
Daraus resultierend wurden fast sämtliche Hardcore-Einstellungen, u. Die später eingefügten, von Tinto Brass nicht gedrehten Szenen sind in der freigegebenen Fassung somit nur im Ansatz zu sehen.
Im Kino war noch die ungeprüfte Fassung wie auf Video zu sehen, einige Kinobetreiber gaben den Film jedoch freiwillig erst ab 21 Jahren frei.Deutscher Titel. Wissenswertes. Kommentar speichern. Unter Caligula blüht die Dekadenz in ungeahnter Intensität auf. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Trending: Meist diskutierte Filme. Nutzer haben sich diesen Film vorgemerkt. Angel Heart. Home Filme Caligula. Die meiste Zeit verbringt colnrade mit ausschweifenden Article source und grausamen Gladiatorkämpfen.